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NDA Syllabus 2021 – UPSC sets NDA syllabus. Aspirants must know the latest NDA exam pattern and syllabus if they wish to qualify for the NDA exams to get into the Indian Defense Force.
NDA is a Defense entrance exam conducted to recruit eligible personnel to the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force Wing of the National Defense Academy and Indian Naval Academy Course -INAC. Candidates can know more about the NDA exam on the given link.
Aspirants of other Government exams can check the link provided for the latest information on upcoming examinations.
This article aims to provide detailed information on the National Defense Academy Syllabus (section-wise and topic-wise) and the latest NDA exam pattern knowing which can help candidates make a strategy for the exam preparation in a systematic manner.
|Table of Contents:|
|National Defense Academy Exam Pattern National Defense Academy SyllabusNDA Syllabus for MathematicsNDA Syllabus for GATImportant Books for NDA Syllabus|
NDA Exam Pattern
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) prescribes the exam pattern of the NDA exam.
NDA selection process is divided into two stages-
- Written Examination
- SSB Interview
However, the written exam of NDA itself is divided into two parts i.e.
- NDA written exam for Mathematics
- NDA written exam for General Ability Test (GAT)
Now, the General Ability Test (GAT) is further subdivided into two parts:
- Part A – English Test
- Part B – General Awareness or General Knowledge Test
The marks distribution of the NDA exam GAT section is highlighted below:
|NDA General Ability Test||Sections||Maximum marks|
|Part A – English||–||200|
|Part B – General Awareness||Physics||100|
|History, Freedom Movement, etc.||80|
The structure of the NDA exam pattern for written exams is as mentioned below.
|NDA Exam Pattern – Written Exams|
|NDA Written Exams||Subject||Maximum marks||Number of Questions||Duration|
|Paper 1||Mathematics||300||120||2 hrs 30 mins|
|Paper 2||GAT||600||150||2 hrs 30 mins|
NDA Selection Process Important pointers-
- All the questions in the NDA exam will be objective i.e., Multiple Choice Questions.
- The medium of the exam will be bilingual (English & Hindi) with a total of 900 marks.
- Total 270 questions are asked of which 120 questions are from Mathematics and 150 questions from the GAT section.
- The NDA syllabus covered in the exam is 10+2 standards
- There is a negative marking for wrong answers which is given in detail below-
NDA Marking Scheme
The UPSC formulates the NDA marking scheme. As per the scheme, no marks are deducted if a question is left unanswered but there is a provision of negative marking for wrong answers. Candidates will lose 1/3rd of marks allotted to each question for incorrect answers. Go through the detailed NDA marking scheme below:
|NDA Exam Pattern – Negative Marking Scheme|
|Written Exams||Marks for each correct answer||Marks deducted for each incorrect answer|
NDA Exam Pattern SSB Interview
After qualifying for the written exam of NDA, candidates have to appear for the SSB Interview rounds. The pattern of NDA Interview is as mentioned below:
|NDA – SSB Interview Pattern|
|Stage 1||Screening Test||Verbal and non-verbal tests.PPDT|
|Stage 2||Psychological Test||Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)Word Association Test (WAT)Situation Reaction Test (SRT)Self Description Test (SD)|
|Group Testing Officers Test||GDGPEPGTHGTIoTCommand TaskSnake race/Group Obstacle RaceIndividual lectureFGT|
|Personal Interview & conference||–|
Aspirants willing to appear for the NDA exam can go through the NDA Eligibility Criteria in the given link.
NDA Coaching Syllabus – National Defence Academy
The Union Public Service Commission prescribes the NDA syllabus in detail in the official notification of the exam.
Broadly, the NDA syllabus is divided into two parts i.e. Mathematics and General Awareness. However, it is not as easy as it seems to be, because the NDA General Awareness section is an umbrella covering 6 subjects under it that are discussed further in the article.
NDA Coaching Syllabus Mathematics
For Mathematics NDA Syllabus candidates are required to know maths till 12th standard. This section tests the candidates’ calculative skills. Let us know the topic-wise NDA Mathematics syllabus and distribution of questions for each topic in the exam.
|NDA Syllabus For Mathematics|
|Mathematics Topic||NDA Topic-wise syllabus|
|Algebra||Sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Real numbers, Complex numbers, Modulus, Cube roots, Conversion of a number in Binary system to Decimals and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations, Linear inequations, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and Logarithms.|
|Calculus||Concept of a real-valued function, domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. The notion of limit, Standard limits, Continuity of functions, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative-application. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, a derivative of a function with respect to another function, a derivative of a composite function. Second-order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima|
|Matrices and Determinants||Types of matrices, operations on matrices. The determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.|
|Integral Calculus and Differential Equations||Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of differential equations, solution of the first order and first-degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.|
|Trigonometry||Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometric ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.|
|Vector Algebra||Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.|
|Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension||Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. The angle between the two lines. The distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in a general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. The point in a three-dimensional space, the distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. The angle between the two lines and the angle between the two planes. Equation of a sphere.|
|Statistics and Probability||Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.|
Candidates preparing for the NDA exam can check the links given below to compliment their mathematics preparation.
- Shortcut tricks for Squares and Cube Roots
- Maths Tricks & Shortcuts for Competitive exams
Now that we are aware of the detailed NDA syllabus for the mathematics section, let us know the distribution of questions among these topics in the exam.
|Mathematics Topics for NDA||Number of Questions|
|Matrices & Determinants||30|
Check out a few concept-based articles that will be helpful to cover up the maths syllabus of NDA conveniently-
- Alligations and Mixtures
- Number Series
- Quadratic Equations
For more such articles on various mathematics topics, check the Quantitative Aptitude page linked here.
NDA Syllabus General Ability Test
The NDA Syllabus for GAT is divided into two parts. Part A tests candidate’s proficiency in English while Part B tests candidates General Knowledge on various topics/subjects.
NDA Syllabus GAT English
The English syllabus of NDA covers topics like vocabulary, grammar and usage, comprehension and cohesion.
To start with the English part of the NDA syllabus refer to the links of relevant English language topics that are asked frequently in the examination:
- List of One Word Substitutions
- Adjective Degree Of Comparison Rules
- List of Homophones/Homonyms
- List of Synonyms and Antonyms
- Active And Passive Voice Rules
For more important topics on English For Competitive exams, such as Precis and Letter writing format, rules and list of prepositions, articles, conjunctions etc. check the link provided.
Also, go through important questions and answers on English topics for practice and preparation.
- One Word Substitution Questions & Answers
- Tenses Questions And Answers
- Direct & Indirect Speech Questions & Answers
More question and answer articles on important topics of the Verbal Ability section can be found on the linked page.
NDA Syllabus GAT – General Awareness/ General Knowledge
The General Knowledge of NDA syllabus comprises questions from Physics, Chemistry, General Science, History, Geography and Current Events.
The topic-wise syllabus of each subject is as mentioned below:
|NDA Exam Syllabus – GAT – History|
|Forces shaping the modern world; RenaissanceExploration and Discovery; A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and CivilisationFreedom Movement in IndiaFrench Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian RevolutionWar of American Independence,Impact of Science and Technology on SocietyElementary study of Indian Constitution and AdministrationConcept of one WorldElementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of IndiaUnited Nations, Panchsheel, Panchayati Raj, Democracy, Socialism and CommunismRole of India in the present worldCo-operatives and Community DevelopmentBhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare StateBasic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi|
|NDA Exam Syllabus – GAT – Geography|
|The Earth, its shape and sizeOcean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its compositionLatitudes and LongitudesTemperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and PrecipitationConcept of timeTypes of ClimateInternational Date LineMajor Natural Regions of the WorldMovements of Earth and their effectsRegional Geography of IndiaClimate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; Location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activitiesOrigin of Earth. Rocks and their classificationImportant Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of IndiaWeathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and VolcanoesMain items of Imports and Exports of India|
Aspirants of the NDA exam can check the related links given below-
- NDA Notification
- NDA Eligibility
- NDA Result
- NDA Salary
|NDA Exam Syllabus – GAT – General Science|
|Common Epidemics, their causes and preventionDifference between the living and non-livingFood—Source of Energy for manBasis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and TissuesConstituents of foodGrowth and Reproduction in Plants and AnimalsBalanced DietElementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organsThe Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists|
The General Science preparation can be done simply by going through the NCERT Notes for basic physics, chemistry and life science topics.
|NDA Exam Syllabus – GAT – Chemistry|
|Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts.Carbon— different formsPhysical and Chemical ChangesFertilizers—Natural and ArtificialElementsThe material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and GunpowderMixtures and CompoundsElementary ideas about the structure of AtomSymbols, Formulae and simple Chemical EquationAtomic Equivalent and Molecular WeightsLaw of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)ValencyProperties of Air and Water|
|NDA Exam Syllabus – GAT – Physics|
|Physical Properties and States of MatterModes of transference of HeatMass, Weight, Volume, Sound waves and their propertiesSimple musical instrumentsRectilinear propagation of LightDensity and Specific GravityReflection and refractionPrinciple of ArchimedesSpherical mirrors and LensesPressure BarometerHuman EyeMotion of objectsNatural and Artificial MagnetsVelocity and AccelerationProperties of a MagnetNewton’s Laws of MotionEarth as a MagnetForce and MomentumStatic and Current ElectricityParallelogram of ForcesConductors and Non-conductorsStability and Equilibrium of bodiesOhm’s LawGravitationSimple Electrical CircuitsElementary ideas of workHeating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of CurrentPower and EnergyMeasurement of Electrical PowerEffects of HeatPrimary and Secondary CellsMeasurement of Temperature and HeatUse of X-RaysGeneral Principles in the working of Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.|
|NDA Exam Syllabus – GAT – Current Affairs|
|Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent yearsProminent personalities of both Indian and International level, Cultural activities and sports activities, Current important world events.|
For the preparation of this section important topics that candidates must go through are listed below:
- List of Neighbouring Countries of India
- List of Highest Mountains in India
- List of Longest Rivers in the World
- Tennis Grand Slam Winners
- List Of Indian Ambassadors to Foreign Countries
- List of Indian Navy Chief Admirals
More such topics on general awareness are given on the Static GK page, check the link provided. For the preparation of current affairs candidates can check the following links
- Daily Current Affairs
- Daily News Analysis
List of NDA Books
To prepare effectively for the NDA Exam one must have a lot of good books handy. NDA books will help the candidates focus better on the subject matter at hand and ultimately score more marks in the exam.
The Section-wise NDA books for exam preparation is given below:
|Mathematics||NCERT Mathematics Textbooks of Class 11th & 12thPathfinder NDA & NA by Arihant PublicationsMathematics for NDA and NA by RS AggarwalChapter-wise and section-wise Solved Papers NDA/NA by Arihant Publications10 Practice Sets for NDA & NA by Arihant Publications|
|General Ability Test||NCERT Textbooks of all Subjects from Class 9thLatest Manorama YearbookSuccess Series General Knowledge by Sachchida Nand JhaHistory Of Modern India (History) by Bipan ChandraScience and Technology in India (Science and Technology) by Kalpana Rajaram: SpectrumObjective General English for Competitive Exams by S.P. Bakshi|
Candidates can download the NDA Syllabus and Booklist PDF given below:
NDA Syllabus & Booklist PDF – Download PDF Here
The most common mistakes that candidates make is they start their preparation for the National Defense Academy exam without completely understanding the NDA syllabus.
Knowing in detail the Syllabus of NDA is important as it confines the preparation and helps to strategise the study plan that is the key to attain success in any exam.
Also, go through the Competitive Exam Preparation Strategies to plan out a good study schedule and leave no stone unturned for exam preparation.
Frequently Asked Question – NDA Syllabus 2021
Q.1. What are the subjects covered in NDA Syllabus?
Ans. The NDA syllabus covers Maths and General Ability Test.
Q.2. What is the level of the National Defense Academy Syllabus?
Ans. Candidates appearing for the National Defence Academy / Naval Academy exam have to study the subjects of standard 10th, 11th and 12th level.
Q.3. What is covered in the English in the Naval Academy Syllabus?
Ans. The English portion of the NDA syllabus comprises Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion.
Q.4. Who prescribes the syllabus of the National Defence Academy Examination?
Ans. The Union Public Service Commission prescribes the NDA/ NA Syllabus on its official website as well as in the official notification.
Q 5. What is the passing marks in the NDA examination?
Ans. Candidates appearing for NDA / NA exam are required to score a minimum of 25% marks in each subject to qualify for the written examination.