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National Defence Academy Exam – NDA Coaching in India

National Defence Academy Exam – NDA Coaching in India

National Defence Academy Exam - NDA Coaching in India

National Defence Academy Exam – NDA Coaching in India: During NDA Medical Examination, candidates need to ensure that they follow these important conditions:

Kerato Refractive Surgery: Those candidates who have undergone any refractive surgery such as PRK/LASIK/SMILE can be considered fit in every branch except submarine, diving & MARCO cadre. 

An individual must know the required standards related to Ear, Nose & Throat in advance to avoid any last-minute hustle.

The major requirements are : National Defence Academy Exam – NDA Coaching in India

Ground Duty Branches

NDA Medical Eligibility for Flying & Ground Duty Branches | National Defence Academy Exam – NDA Coaching in India

This section will cover the required medical standards for candidates to get eligible for commissioning through NDA into Flying & Ground Duty Branches in the IAF. All candidates during their induction should meet the basic physical fitness standards which will enable them to proficiently undergo the training and the subsequent service in varied climatic and work environments. 

A candidate will not be assessed physically fit unless the complete examination shows that he/ she is physically and mentally capable of withstanding the severe physical and mental strain for prolonged periods.

General Physical Requirements for NDA in Air Force | National Defence Academy Exam – NDA Coaching in India

Every candidate who is required to fulfil the below-given physical standards to become eligible for the NDA exam will be opting for the Air Force. The various physical standards are following.

  • Spine injuries – Cases of old fractures of the spine are unfit. Any residual deformity of the spine or compression of a vertebra will be cause for rejection.
  • Nerve injuries – Injuries involving the trunks of the larger nerves, resulting in loss of function, or neuroma formation, which causes pain significant tingling, indicate unsuitability for employment in flying duties.
  • Surgical Scars – Minor well-healed scars for e.g. as resulting from any superficial surgery do not, per se, indicate unsuitability for employment. Extensive scarring of a limb or torso that may cause a functional limitation or unsightly appearance should be considered unfit. 
  • Birthmarks – Abnormal pigmentation in the form of hypo or hyper-pigmentation is not acceptable. Localized, congenital mole/ naevus, however, is acceptable provided its size is <10 cm. Congenital multiple naevi or vascular tumours that interfere with function or are exposed to constant irritation are not acceptable.

NDA Height & Leg Length for Flying Branch | National Defence Academy Exam – NDA Coaching in India

Candidates need a minimum height of 162.5 cm for the Flying Branch. The detailed requirements of leg, thigh & sitting length are:

Body PartMaximum Minimum
Sitting Height 81.5 cm96.0 cm 
Leg Length 99.0 cm120.0 cm 
Thigh Length64.0 cm.

NDA Body Weight Parameters | National Defence Academy Exam – NDA Coaching in India

Most of the bodyweight parameters are similar for flying & ground duty. But, there are some essential points candidates must be aware of. These are:

(a) BMI should be below 27. 

(b) Waist Hip ratio must be below 0.9 for males and for females it is 0.8.

(c) Waist circumference should be less than 94 cm for males and 89 cm for females.

To know the Body Weight Parameters in detail, candidates can click here. 

Physical Standards

General Physical Standards for Officer Entry | National Defence Academy Exam – NDA Coaching in India

The candidates aspiring to join as officers have to fulfill the following physical requirements. The failure in fulfilling any criteria will result in immediate disqualification.

NDA Cardiovascular Parameters | National Defence Academy Exam – NDA Coaching in India

There are various cardiovascular risk factors due to which candidates can face rejection in the medical round. Like, History of chest pain, breathlessness, palpitation, fainting attacks, giddiness, rheumatic fever, ankle swelling, chorea, frequent sore throats and tonsillitis should be given due consideration in the assessment of the cardiovascular system. 

An individual with Blood Pressure having consistently greater than or equal to 140/90 mm of Hg shall be rejected. If an individual has undergone any cardiac surgery in the past, he/she will be considered as unfit. 

Respiratory System Requirements | National Defence Academy Exam – NDA Coaching in India

Individuals must be aware of some conditions based on the respiratory system due to which they can face rejection. History of pulmonary tuberculosis, pleurisy with effusion, frequent episodes of expectorant cough, haemoptysis, frequent episodes of bronchitis, asthma, spontaneous pneumothorax, and injuries to the chest should be elicited. 

Any evidence of significant residual pleural thickening will be a cause for rejection. An individual could face rejection in case of bronchial asthma/ wheezing/ allergic rhinitis in their past. 

Other factors leading to the rejection of the candidate are mentioned here.

Endocrine & Dermatological System Requirements

Candidates detected to have diabetes mellitus will be rejected. A candidate with a family history of Diabetes Mellitus will be subjected to blood sugar (Fasting and after Glucose load) and HbA1c evaluation, which will be recorded.

Careful interrogation followed by NDA Medical Examination of the candidate’s skin is necessary to obtain a clear picture of the nature and severity of any dermatological condition claimed or found. Borderline skin conditions should be referred to a dermatologist. Any fungal infection (like Tinea Cruris and Tinea Corporis) of any part of the body will be unfit. Scabies may be considered fit only on recovery.

Required Spinal Conditions for NDA Exam 2022

Past medical history of disease or injury of the spine or sacroiliac joints, which has prevented the candidate from successfully following a physically active life, is a cause for rejection for commissioning. 

History of recurrent lumbar/ spinal fracture/ prolapsed intervertebral disc and surgical treatment for these conditions will entail rejection. If candidates want to know about the mode of examination and other required spinal conditions, they can have a look from here.

Conditions Affecting Upper & Lower Limbs Assessments

Deformities of the upper limbs or their parts will be cause for rejection. Candidates with an amputation of a limb will not be accepted for entry. Amputation of the terminal phalanx of the little finger on both sides is, however, acceptable.

Healed Fractures

In the following conditions, healed fractures of the upper limb are not acceptable:- 

(i) Fractures involving articular surfaces. Fractures associated with neuro-vascular deficit 

(ii) Malunited fractures. Fracture causing impairment of function 

(iii) Fractures with implant in-situ. Fracture of the upper limb, presenting 06 months after the injury with none of the sequelae as mentioned above are acceptable after assessment by an orthopaedic surgeon.

Fingers and Hands

Syndactyly and polydactyly will be assessed as unfit except when polydactyly is excised. Deformities and limitations to movements will be considered unfit. Painless limitation of movement of the wrist will be assessed according to the degree of stiffness. Loss of dorsiflexion is more serious than the loss of palmar flexion.

Further Conditions Affecting Upper & Lower limbs assessments are discussed here. 

Central Nervous System Acceptable/Not Acceptable Conditions

  • A candidate giving a history of mental illness/ psychological afflictions requires detailed investigation and psychiatric referral. Such cases should normally be rejected. Most often the history is not volunteered. The examiner should try to elicit a history by direct questioning, which may or may not be fruitful.
  •  Every examiner should form a general impression of the candidate’s personality as a whole and may enquire into an individual’s stability and habitual reactions to difficult and stressful situations. Family history and prior history of using medication are also relevant. 
  • History of insomnia, phobias, nightmares, or frequent sleepwalking or Bedwetting, when recurrent or persistent, will be a cause for rejection.
  • Common types of recurrent headaches are those due to former head injury or migraine. Other forms of occasional headaches must be considered in relation to their probable cause. 
  • A candidate with a migraine, which was severe enough to make him consult his doctor, should normally be a cause for rejection. Even a single attack of migraine with visual disturbance or Migrainous epilepsy is to be made unfit.

Other conditions which will cause rejection of the candidate are mentioned here. 

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